St. Augustine is a city of archaeological discoveries.


You can keep up with what's happening and find out more about archaeology in the area by going to a new Web site launched by the City of St. Augustine.


A grant from the St. Augustine Research Institute helped pay to develop the site, which is designed to "encourage, coordinate and disseminate active academic research." or





Mayan glyphs detail priest's life, blood sacrifices

Mon Dec 28, 2009 11:26 pm ET

news article from the AFP


MEXICO CITY (AFP) – Experts are studying the first Mayan hieroglyphic script dealing with the life of a high priest, his blood sacrifices and acts of penance, Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) said.






Ancient Mayans Likely Had Fountains and Toilets

Charles Q. Choi

Special to LiveScience

 Wed Dec 23, 2009 12:15 pm ET


The ancient Mayans may have had enough engineering know-how to master running water, creating fountains and even toilets by controlling water pressure, scientists now suggest.


Perhaps the earliest known example of the intentional creation of water pressure was found on the island of Crete in a Minoan palace dating back to roughly 1400 BC. 








Archaeologists find new clues why the Maya left

27 August 2010

"Why did they leave? That's the question," says archaeologist George Bey of Millsaps College in Jackson, Miss. The ancient Maya fled Kiuic, nestled in the Puuc (pook) foothills of the Yucatan, around 880. "Things were going full-bore, construction was underway. And things stopped," Bey says.

 What we are learning at Kiuic is crucial for a rethinking about the rise and fall of the Maya civilization in this part of the world." 



 Apocalypse Soon?

Volume 62 Number 6, November/December 2009

by Anthony Aveni

What the Maya calendar really tells us about 2012 and the end of time

On December 21, 2012, thousands of pilgrims, many in organized "sacred tour" groups, will flock to Chichén Itzá, Tikal, and a multitude of other celebrated sites of ancient America. There they will wait for a sign from the ancient Maya marking the end of the world as we know it. 

Though the Maya believed that successive creations were cyclic, there is no clear evidence of what they thought would happen on our 


Anthony Aveni is the Russell Colgate professor of astronomy and anthropology at Colgate University and author of the new book, The End of Time: The Maya Mystery of 2012.






Thank you for valuing my opinion.

I would like to remind you that the Mayan culture and it's cities were founded during different eras, the oldest were: Uaaxactún, Tikal, Palenque, Copán  during the classic period and expanded towards the mayan highlands (Guatemala) with ceremonies at the center.

Tikal was the captial with a strong political and cultural dominion during the 450 - 550 AD


The process of the cultural fall of that city-state began in 800 - 900 AD - during which they left trails of dedicated momuments, heiroglyphics, where this event took place . They left architectural construction of grand dimension


a) poor living conditions due to a demographic explosion (growth of the city - population explosion)

b) malnution

c) infectious diseases

d) severe drop in agricultural systems, perhaps affected because a few farmers were recuited for war

e) An agricultural reservoir or swamps were completely abandoned, and the countryside uncared for (therefore unsuitable for agricultural purposes)

f) soil erosion

g) No coordination or support from leadership to make them produce agricultural produces - and without sufficient nutritious food, they were obligated to leave in search of better land that could be cultivated, where food could be grown.

h) Loss of faith of the people in their leadership

i) ecological disasters

j) politcial crisis (they was not enough contact with the people who were now hostile and starving

k) each governor of each city utilized the written word and history to glorify their ancestors

l) continual wars and conquests by neighboring kingdoms.

m) Great inequality between social rivals between the government and royalty.

n) war for control of commercial routes that led to the center of the republic and the mayan area.

o) an although it is not mentioned in any "libro de agua" (water registers?) many of the wells and cenotes were drying up


[This part isn't from Norma - I'd just never heard of a cenote - FYI - Cenotes are surface connections to subterranean water bodies [3]. While the best-known cenotes are large open water pools measuring tens of meters in diameter, such as those at Chichén Itzá, the greatest number of cenotes are smaller sheltered sites and do not necessarily have any surface exposed water. The term cenote has also been used to describe similar karst features in other countries such as Cuba and Australia, in addition to the more generic term of sinkholes. -  from wikipedia]



p) The loss of religious and  moral values within the general population, it's standards were being relaxed and abandoned, rebellion against institutions and the family unit.


I hope this is helpful. please send greetings to your family.


Professor of American History and Ancient Cultures 

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)

 Gracias por confiar en mi, solo quería recordarte que la cultura Maya y sus ciudades fueron fundadas en distintas épocas las mas antiguas fueron  Uaaxactún, Tikal, Palenque, Copán en el periodo clásico y se expandieron hacia las tierras altas mayas con centros ceremoniales , Tikal fue la capital de un fuerte dominio político (450 y 550 d.c.) y cultural.

El proceso de decadencia cultural empezó en 800-900 d.c. la dedicación de las estelas(monumentos con jeroglíficos y sucesos) dejaron las construcciones arquitectónicas de grandes dimensiones por:

a)      Condiciones de vida malas por explosión demográfica

b)      Mala nutrición

c)       Enfermedades infecciosas

d)      Decaimiento de los sistemas agrícolas quizá afectados por que algunos campesinos eran reclutados para la guerra.

e)      El sistema agrícola de pantanos muy complejo fue abandonado, los campos descuidados.

f)       Erosión del suelo

g)      No coordinación ni apoyo de los dirigentes para hacerlos producir y sin alimento suficiente se ven obligados a irse en busca de terrenos que pudieran cultivar.

h)      Pérdida de confianza del pueblo en sus gobernantes.

i)        Desastres ecológicos.

j)        Crisis política (no entablaron un suficiente contacto con el pueblo ya inconforme y hambriento).

k)      Cada gobernante de cada ciudad utilizaba la palabra escrita y la historia para glorificar a sus antepasados.

l)        Constantes guerras de conquistas con los reinos vecinos.

m)    Gran desigualdad social rivalidad entre gobernantes y realeza.

n)      Guerra por el control de rutas comerciales hacia el centro de la república y el área maya.

o)      Y aunque no se menciona en ningún libro el agua, muchos pozos cenotes y ríos se fueron secando.

p)      La perdida de valores morales y religiosos entre la población, sus costumbres se relajaron, hubo rebeldía hacia sus instituciones y hacia su familia.

Espero que te sirva y muchos saludos para toda la familia.